The Schengen Agreement is a historic treaty signed by multiple European countries back in 1985. It`s named after the town of Schengen, Luxembourg, where the agreement was signed. The treaty aims to abolish the internal borders between the countries that signed it, allowing unrestricted movement of people, goods, and services within the Schengen Area.

Advantages of the Schengen Agreement

1. Freedom of movement – One of the primary advantages of the Schengen Agreement is the freedom of movement. Citizens of one member state can travel to other member states without the need for a visa or border control.

2. Increased trade and investment – The agreement has led to the elimination of trade barriers and increased investment in the Schengen Area. The free movement of goods and services promotes economic growth and development.

3. Enhanced security – The Schengen Area has a common visa policy, border control, and law enforcement. This enhances security and makes it easier to track individuals who may pose a threat to public safety.

4. More cultural exchange – The agreement has led to more cultural exchange between different countries. Students, tourists, and professionals can travel freely and experience the culture of different countries, promoting mutual understanding and respect.

Disadvantages of the Schengen Agreement

1. Increased security risks – Critics of the agreement argue that the freedom of movement could facilitate illegal activities such as human trafficking, terrorism, and drug smuggling. It may also lead to the spread of diseases between countries.

2. Border control issues – Several countries have re-introduced border controls in response to the refugee crisis and terrorist attacks. This undermines the original goal of the Schengen Agreement and could lead to the reintroduction of barriers within the Schengen Area.

3. Uneven distribution of benefits – Some countries benefit more from the agreement than others. Countries with weaker economies or high levels of immigration may experience greater pressures on their resources and face social tensions.

4. Challenges to national sovereignty – Critics argue that the agreement undermines national sovereignty. Countries may lose control over their borders and immigration policies, leading to tensions with their citizens and to the rise of populist movements.


The Schengen Agreement has both advantages and disadvantages. While the free movement of people, goods, and services enhances economic growth and cultural exchange, it also creates security risks, poses challenges to national sovereignty, and may lead to the uneven distribution of benefits. Therefore, it`s essential to strike a balance between the benefits and drawbacks and implement measures to address the challenges effectively.